The theme echoes the present imbalance in the country's development endeavours. Most people trace their origins from villages, although many now live in towns.
The gallery exhibits a variety of Zambian animals and plants shown in their natural habitat, including insects, other invertebrates, frogs, reptiles, fish, birds, mammals and plants.
The gallery describes the story of human evolution and cultural development in Zambia from Stone Age to Iron Age. Exhibits show shifts in prehistoric technology and its application in food procurement production and preparation.
- Mufuzi, F. 2011 "A Zambian Glory under the Microscope: A Brief History of the Livingstone Museum", The Bulletin and Record, (February 2011), 27-31.
- Mufuzi, F. 2011 "Establishment of the Livingstone Museum and its role in colonial Zambia, 1934 - 1964", Historia, 56, 1 (May 2011), 26 - 41.
Research in the section has recently concentrated on the distribution of snake and lizard species in Zambia.
The section has focused on the study of the distribution of birds in Zambia, networking with local birding societies to generate records for the distribution of Birds in Zambia.