Zambia is a signatory to the UNESCO Convention of 1972, concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The convention raised concerns such as the need to focus on children as future custodians of the world heritage.
In the early 1980s a large, representative museum building was raised on a prime location in the center of the City of Lusaka. The building complex, a joint effort of the Government of the Republic of Zambia and the People's Republic of China, was primarily meant to house a National Political Museum, documenting and presenting, as it were, the history of Zambia's struggle for independence.
The section displays archaeological remains, which bear testimony to human evolution and cultural development in Zambia, and dates back to about 3.0 million years ago. One of the most fascinating exhibits is the cast of Kabwe (Broken Hill)
As the latest entry into the National Museums Board, Lusaka National Museum is making strides in meeting its mandate of documenting Zambia’s cultural history. The museum has collections ranging from Ethnography and Art, Historical objects and Archaeological objects/specimens.
In traditional cultures, non wood forest resources such as monkey oranges have been employed in crafting utility items for daily use. A research was conducted by Lusaka National Museum entitled "Monkey Orange as an Interactive Tourism Resource".
In traditional cultures of Zambia, grass has been utilized in many aspects of everyday life of the people. Its utility value can be ranked as one of the most effective in sustaining both animal and human life.
Traditional foods are part of the local Zambian way of life. Most value systems around traditional foods such as sharing and celebrations reflect the hospitality well-being of the Zambian society. With development and rapid expansion of the hospitality industry, traditional foods can play a key role in emphasizing Zambia's hospitable value systems in the sector of Ethno-tourism thereby contributing to economic development.